HPV or human papillomavirus is a viral infection that results in the growth of warts. Skin and mucous membranes may be affected. Some types of HPV can lead to cancer.
HPV genital warts are flat or cauliflower-shaped bumps on the vulva, anus, cervix, vagina, penis, or scrotum. HPV that affects the genital region has been linked to cancer. These include cancers of the cervix, anus, penis, vagina, vulva, and back of the throat. Vaccines are available to protect against the strains of HPV that are most likely to cause genital warts and cervical cancer. HPV vaccines are recommended for ages nine through 45.