HPV (Human Papillomavirus)

HPV or human papillomavirus is a viral infection that results in the growth of warts. Skin and mucous membranes may be affected. Some types of HPV can lead to cancer. 

HPV genital warts are flat or cauliflower-shaped bumps on the vulva, anus, cervix, vagina, penis, or scrotum. HPV that affects the genital region has been linked to cancer. These include cancers of the cervix, anus, penis, vagina, vulva, and back of the throat. Vaccines are available to protect against the strains of HPV that are most likely to cause genital warts and cervical cancer. HPV vaccines are recommended for ages nine through 45.

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HPV of the cervix is usually found during a pelvic exam or PAP smear. Any abnormal lesions will need to be removed. Removal can be done using cryotherapy or minor surgical removal. 

Risk factors for HPV genital warts include:

  • Unprotected sex
  • Multiple sexual partners
  • Having another STI
  • Becoming sexually active at a younger age
  • Having compromised immune system

If you believe you may have symptoms of or have been exposed to HPV, our providers will ensure proper testing and treatment.