Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that affects both men and women. Gonorrhea is spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sexual contact with an infected person. Infection can affect the cervix, vagina, throat, rectum, and urethra.
It is possible to have gonorrhea and not show any symptoms. However, the most common symptoms include:
- Painful urination
- Discharge from the penis
- Testicle pain or swelling
- Vaginal discharge
- Vaginal bleeding between periods
- Abdominal pain
- Sore throat or swollen lymph nodes
Untreated gonorrhea can lead to several complications. Complications include:
- Infection that spreads to other body areas
- Increased risk of HIV/AIDS
- Complications to babies born while women have an infection
To protect yourself from gonorrhea and other STIs, consider the following practices:
- Use condoms during sex
- Limit your number of sexual partners
- Before you have sex, get tested and ask your partner to get tested
Gonorrhea is diagnosed by testing a urine sample or taking a fluid swab from the affected area. The vagina, rectum, and throat can be swabbed for culture. Your provider may recommend testing for other STIs at the same time as gonorrhea testing.
If you test positive for gonorrhea, you will be treated with an antibiotic. Any sexual partners should also receive testing and treatment even if they do not show symptoms.
If you believe you may have symptoms of or have been exposed to gonorrhea, our providers will ensure proper testing and treatment that treat the infection.