High Blood Pressure Treatment

High blood pressure is a common condition for many. Often there are no symptoms associated with high blood pressure or hypertension. This is why screening to check your blood pressure is essential. If you have been found to have high blood pressure, there are several treatment options available.
There are two parts to your blood pressure. The top number is the systolic blood pressure, and the bottom number is the diastolic blood pressure.

Blood pressure is categorized into the following levels:

  • Normal = blood pressure 120/80 mm Hg or lower
  • Elevated or pre-hypertension = systolic 120-129 mm Hg and diastolic below 80 mm Hg
  • Stage 1 hypertension = systolic 130-139 mm Hg or diastolic 80-89 mm Hg
  • Stage 2 hypertension = systolic 140 mm Hg or higher or diastolic 90 mm Hg or higher
  • Hypertensive crises = measurements higher than 180/120 mm Hg

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Depending on the level of high blood pressure you have, personalized treatment recommendations will be determined. These may include:

  • A heart-healthy low salt diet
  • Regular exercise
  • Maintaining a healthy weight or losing weight
  • Limiting alcohol intake
  • Stopping smoking or nicotine use
  • Medications

Medications to treat hypertension work in different ways. Your healthcare provider will choose a medication based on your personal characteristics. At times more than one medication may be needed to control blood pressure. Your healthcare provider will work closely with you to monitor the effects of medication and make adjustments or changes as indicated.