Monitoring and treatment of diabetes is critical to avoiding complications of uncontrolled diabetes. There are several different types of diabetes, but the key to treating all types involves keeping blood sugar in a healthy range.
Once you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, a healthcare provider will outline a treatment plan for you. Your plan will include lifestyle interventions with a focus on diet and healthy eating. Sometimes diabetes can be controlled through diet alone, but many people will also need medications to control blood sugar.
Treatment of diabetes will involve:
- Healthy eating
- Maintaining a healthy weight or losing weight
- Blood sugar monitoring
There are many medications used to treat diabetes, and they all work in slightly different ways. Your healthcare provider will make recommendations based on your blood sugar levels and lab test results. Some medications directly reduce blood sugar, while others help your body produce insulin which lowers blood sugar. Medications can be pills or injections. Your blood sugar levels will be carefully monitored to determine how medications are working and the doses that are needed.
In addition to blood sugar controlling medications, you may also be prescribed medications to lower cholesterol levels and protect your kidney function. The goal of treating diabetes is to prevent possible long term problems, which could include:
- Cardiovascular disease
- Neuropathy (nerve damage)
- Kidney damage or kidney failure
- Diabetic retinopathy (eye retina damage)
- Bone and joint problems
- Teeth and gum problems
Our providers will work with you to develop a personalized diabetes plan of care that considers your lifestyle and goals while ensuring the best outcome for your long-term health.